Renovate the Twin Maples mansion to be a show house that is comfortable year-round and easy to maintain.
“The geothermal system delivers consistent temperatures and efficiencies that exceed those of conventional home comfort systems.”“Our goal was to renovate the house so that other charitable organizations could use it at an affordable rate, a rate which basically covered the cost of utilities,” recalled Evenson. “And as we thought about our extraordinary heating bills, which were far too high to ask other organizations to cover, we began to think it would be great if we could use this show house to demonstrate to the community how to be green. Better yet, we could show how to be green and at the same time preserve a historic treasure like Twin Maples, which is listed on both the National and New Jersey Registries of Historic Places.” With the help of “Green Talk” blogger Anna Hackman, club members considered the energy efficient options that were available to them to replace the home’s inefficient steam heat system. They narrowed their choices to a gas forced-air system or a more sustainable geothermal system to supply both heating and cooling to the house.
A geothermal system takes advantage of free solar energy stored just below the surface of the earth. Using a series of pipes (an earth loop) buried in the ground and a geothermal or ground-source heat pump, the geothermal heating and cooling system extracts heat from the earth and carries it to a home in the winter. In the summer, the process reverses and the system extracts heat from the home and rejects it to the earth. In either case, the geothermal system delivers consistent temperatures and efficiencies that exceed those of conventional home comfort systems, offering homeowners savings as high as 70 percent for heating, cooling and hot water. In addition to consistent temperatures, a geothermal system ensures good indoor air quality (IAQ). That’s because the system does not require combustion and therefore produces none of the products associated with combustion, including carbon monoxide, which can negatively impact the air you breathe. Nor does it require a system to vent carbon monoxide and other dangerous exhaust gases. And, the average system lifespan exceeds 24 years compared to 15 years for a more traditional heating and cooling system, contributing to the sustainability goals of The Fortnightly Club. They turned to Antonio Poccia, operations manager and owner of Perfection Contracting Inc., Newton, N.J., to perform the installation. Not only did Poccia select the equipment and install the system, he did so at a considerable discount.
“The real success of the project rests with the architects, designers, builders, contractors and manufacturers who volunteered their expertise, their time, their services and their products to the project.”In 2004, Poccia purchased the heating and contracting business that his father started years earlier. So he was well-acquainted with geothermal technology from an early age. “The principles of geothermal technology have remained constant,” he says. “But the equipment continues to evolve and get better, most recently with the addition of multi-stage equipment.” Installing a geothermal system at Twin Maples presented challenges unique to the age of the property. “We wanted the system to be invisible, both inside and outside, so it wouldn’t impact the aesthetics of the historic home,” Poccia explains. Outside, the company installed a vertical earth loop, drilling four bores at the corners of a 20-foot by 20-foot square. “We chose a vertical rather than a horizontal loop to limit the impact on the yard. And because a geothermal system does not use any outside equipment, there is no visible sign of the system on the exterior of the mansion.”
With an eye for preserving the historic integrity of the home’s interior, Poccia designed an unusual duct system that uses the existing grates in the floor to heat and cool the structure. He then created a return duct system using additional grates he found in the basement of the mansion. Poccia installed three WaterFurnace geothermal heat pumps—two new Envision units and a Premier II unit in the home’s basement. The Envision units – one three-ton and one four-ton—feature multi-stage operation for improved comfort and energy savings. All Envision units utilize ozone-safe R-410A refrigerant to meet the most stringent Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements now and for many years to come. Coated air coils add durability and longer life. A sophisticated microprocessor control sequences all components during operation for optimum performance and provides easy-to-use troubleshooting features with fault lights and on-board diagnostics. In addition, heavy-gauge metal cabinets are coated with durable poly paint for long-lasting protection. Poccia removed the six-ton Premier II unit from another house, cleaned and serviced it and installed the unit in the basement of Twin Maples, confident it would provide years of service to the club. Together, the three units deliver 13 tons of conditioned air to the building and are tied to one flow center and a common earth loop, requiring the fewest watts of pumping power per ton of geothermal equipment. “Now, the house is available, affordable and comfortable year round. And,” Poccia adds, “the system is easy to maintain. When all was said and done, the Twin Maples project demonstrated and continues to demonstrate that geothermal is a viable replacement system for an existing heating and cooling system in retrofit applications, no matter the age of the house.”
Today, Twin Maples regularly welcomes a variety of community organizations and provides a setting for fundraisers, meetings and celebratory events. Some of the home’s other new features include a new kitchen and pantry, barrier-free bathroom, screening room, wine cellar and a geothermal display in the basement that helps interested parties understand how the system works. “The Fortnightly Club definitely made the difficult but right decision to tackle the renovation,” says Evenson. “But the real success of the project rests with the architects, designers, builders, contractors and manufacturers who volunteered their expertise, their time, their services and their products to the project—people like Antonio Poccia and companies like WaterFurnace. Their efforts will help ensure a second century of service at Twin Maples.”
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